Subjective Justification

Recap and Intro Justification: God’s declaration of righteousness, which also establishes someone in a state of righteousness.  This can only happen because someone’s sins are forgiven.  (“Justification” can also refer to someone revealing his righteousness by how he lives, for example, in much of James.) Christ, in His saving work, justified the entire world.  Before […]

Romans, Lesson 10: Jesus and Adam: One Brings Death, the Other Gives Life

Paul keeps driving home the point that our salvation is God’s doing, not a result of what we do.  He earlier described us as being “weak” in relation to God.  Getting his foot in the door, Paul’s descriptions of us in our sinful nature then became worse: ungodly (that is, without God) and sinners.  If […]

Solus Christus: Christ Alone

What is “Christ Alone”? Our only source of salvation is the life, death, and resurrection of God’s Son, Jesus Christ.  Christianity is inclusive because Jesus died for the sins of the entire world; it is also exclusive, for only one way exists to God: Jesus (John 14:6.)  “Salvation is found in no one else [Jesus], […]

2 Corinthians, Lesson 8: Being Reconciled with God

Having just said that “we must all appear before the judgment seat of Christ,” Paul and Timothy now point to God’s solution for that coming Day: “Being reconciled with God” on “a day of salvation.”   The Law: Fearing the Lord Read 2 Corinthians 5:11   Excursus: Fear of the Lord: The Old-Testament Background God’s […]

1 Timothy, Lesson 3: Faithful Worship—Paul’s Pastoral Instructions to Timothy

Having commanded Timothy to “wage the good war” against the false teaching and teachers, Paul now shifts his focus to the Church and worship, “so you may know how someone should conduct himself in God’s household” (1 Timothy 3:15).   The Church in Prayer  Read 1 Timothy 2:1a Paul begins this section with a “so […]

Understanding Jesus’ Atonement: Objectively and Subjectively

Instructing adults in the Faith, we are now in question-and-answer period, going over specifics questions that some being instructed have.  In this lesson, we look at Jesus’ work to save us objectively (what He did irrespective of the faith one may have) and subjectively (whether one believes what Jesus objectively did for our salvation).   […]